Haber, Fritz


Haber, Fritz
► (1868-1934) Químico alemán. Fue premio Nobel de Química en 1918, compartido con Bosch, por idear un proceso para la obtención del amoniaco.

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(9 dic. 1868, Breslau, Silesia, Prusia–29 ene. 1934, Basilea, Suiza).

Fisicoquímico alemán. Después de investigaciones preliminares en electroquímica y termodinámica, desarrolló junto con su cuñado Carl Bosch (n. 1874–m. 1940) el proceso de Haber-Bosch para la fabricación de amoníaco. De carácter profundamente patriótico, dirigió el desarrollo de armas químicas de Alemania durante la primera guerra mundial, esfuerzo bajo el cual fue introducido el gas venenoso. Su versatilidad y su trabajo importante y de amplio rango le trajeron fama y honor, y en 1918 se le confirió el Premio Nobel. En 1933, las políticas antisemitas del Partido Nazi lo hicieron renunciar a la dirección del Instituto káiser Guillermo (que ejercía desde 1911).

Enciclopedia Universal. 2012.

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  • HABER, FRITZ — (1868–1934), German physical chemist and Nobel laureate. Haber was born in Breslau, the son of a prosperous chemical and dye merchant and an alderman of the city. After a period in industry and business, he went in 1893 to the Technische… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Haber, Fritz — born Dec. 9, 1868, Breslau, Silesia, Prussia died Jan. 29, 1934, Basel, Switz. German physical chemist. After early research in electrochemistry and thermodynamics, he developed, with his brother in law Carl Bosch (1874–1940), the Haber Bosch… …   Universalium

  • Haber, Fritz — (1868 1934)    chemist; awarded the Nobel Prize in chemistry for synthesizing ammonia from nitrogen and hydrogen. Born in Breslau (now Wroclaw), he studied chemistry to better assist his father s dyestuff firm. His aptitude led, however, to a… …   Historical dictionary of Weimar Republik

  • Haber , Fritz — (1868–1934) German physical chemist Haber, the son of a merchant, was born at Breslau, now Wrocław in Poland. He was educated at Berlin, Heidelberg, Charlottenburg, and Jena, and in 1894 he became an assistant in physical chemistry at the… …   Scientists

  • Haber, Fritz — (1868–1934)    German chemist and Nobel laureate, 1918. Haber developed a process for synthesizing ammonia from hydrogen and nitrogen by combining them under pressure, using iron as a catalyst. The Haber process, as it was called, was adapted for …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Haber,Fritz — Ha·ber (häʹbər), Fritz. 1868 1934. German chemist. He won a 1918 Nobel Prize for the synthetic production of ammonia. * * * …   Universalium

  • Haber, Fritz — (1868 1934)    German physical chemist. Born in Breslau, he became director of the Kaiser Wilhelm Research Institute for Chemistry in 1911. He gained the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1918 …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Haber — Fritz …   Scientists

  • Fritz Haber — Fritz Haber, 1918 Fritz Haber (* 9. Dezember 1868 in Breslau; † 29. Januar 1934 in Basel) war ein deutscher Chemiker und Pionier der chemischen Kriegsführung. Haber erhielt 1919 den Nobelpreis für Chemie des Jahres 1918 „für die Synthese von …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Fritz-Haber-Institut — der Max Planck Gesellschaft Eingang Fritz Haber Institut mit Inschrift Kaiser Wilhelm Institut für Physikalische Chemie und Elektrochemie Kategorie: Forschungseinrichtung Träger: Max Planck Gesellschaft Re …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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